What is COAD? 7 Crucial Facts You Need to Know

COAD is a medical abbreviation for Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease, encompassing conditions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema that cause persistent shortness of breath.

COAD Meaning

Shortness of Breath

Mild shortness of breath is common in the elderly, but persistent or worsening breathlessness could indicate serious diseases like COAD, heart failure, or anemia.

Causes of COAD

The most common cause of COAD is smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke. Frequent cough, sputum production, and wheezing are typical symptoms.

Patients with mild COAD may experience breathlessness during moderate exercise, while those with severe disease struggle with shortness of breath even at rest and may require oxygen therapy.

Preventing COAD Progression

Quitting smoking is crucial for slowing down the progression of COAD. Following doctor-advised treatment plans helps control symptoms effectively.

Environmental Factors

The elderly should avoid polluted areas and maintain good ventilation at home, especially when burning incense, to minimize irritants that can worsen COAD symptoms.

Getting an annual flu shot can reduce complications from influenza virus infections, particularly for patients with COAD or heart diseases. Consult a doctor for advice on vaccination.